Maybe some of us have felt burning and pain in the chest. Grameds need not panic. This condition is normal and common. However, if it occurs repeatedly to the point that it interferes with daily activities, it must be taken seriously by professionals.
Launching from the Alodokter.com page, heartburn is pain in the pit of the stomach that occurs in the middle of the chest or just above the stomach. This discomfort is often accompanied by the appearance of a bitter and sour taste in the mouth. These symptoms have the potential to become worse after a large meal or while lying down.
Please note that hearburn is not related to the heart ( heart ). The cause of hearburn is stomach acid rising into the esophagus. That, which causes a burning feeling in the upper abdomen or lower chest.
Heartburn occurs when the ring-shaped muscle ( sphincter ) that is part of the valve between the esophagus and stomach cannot tighten or close normally. Which, this muscle ring should be able to contract after food from the esophagus enters the stomach.
When the sphincter muscles fat, food that has been mixed with stomach acid can return to the esophagus. Rising stomach acid can irritate the walls of the esophagus and cause burning pain in the chest.
Summarizing from the Alodokter.com page, heartburn triggers include the following.
- Eat in an amount that exceeds the capacity of the stomach.
- Eating spicy food.
- There is pressure on the stomach, usually due to pregnancy, constipation, or obesity.
- Consuming caffeine, make citrus, alcohol, or chocolate.
- After eating immediately lie down.
- Take certain medications, such as aspirin or ibuprofen.
- Stress and lack of sleep.
Symptoms of heartburn vary from person to person. However, the most common signs are a burning sensation in the chest and throat. Launching from the Hallosehat.com page, here are the common symptoms of heartburn.
- Feeling pain or burning in the chest. This condition usually occurs after eating or at night.
- Pain in the chest when lying down, bending down, or eating.
- Bitter or sour taste in the mouth.
- Often awakens from sleep.
- Burning feeling in the throat.
- There is liquid that feels like it will come out of the throat.
- Very extreme chest pain.
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty swallowing when eating.
- Excessive headache.
- Heartburn occurs several times a week.
- Nausea and vomiting, even after taking over-the-counter medications.
- Vomiting blood, or passing blood when urinating.
- Decreased ability to taste, causing weight loss.
Pain in the chest that indicates a hearburn and a heart attack is difficult to distinguish. Both have similar markings. The age of the sufferer is also similar, that is, both in adulthood or people with excess body weight.
To differentiate between a hearburn and a heart attack, Grameds can look at the areas of the body where the pain is. When the pain is only felt under the ribs and the top of the stomach, it is included in heartburn.
Other symptoms that often occur are a sour taste in the mouth, wanting to vomit, or a burning feeling in the throat, especially after eating. Meanwhile, symptoms of a heart attack can be felt starting from cold sweats, shortness of breath, dizziness, and pressing chest pain that radiates to the shoulders, neck or back.
Causes of Hearburn
Under normal conditions, there is a muscle under the esophagus that acts as a barrier for stomach acid to go up into the esophagus. The muscle works by expanding and closing when swallowing food or drink.
However, when these muscles weaken, stomach acid can rise back up into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest. This condition can cause heartburn. Launching from the Hallosehat.com page, here are the causes of heartburn.
1. Food and Drinks
Food and drink have an influence on the strength of the lower esophageal muscles. Preferably, Grameds avoid spicy, fatty and sour foods.
2. Burden or Pressure on the Stomach
When the stomach and esophageal muscles are stressed, they have the potential to weaken and cause stomach acid to rise. Grameds need to be careful when doing strenuous exercise, coughing too hard, being overweight, and pregnant. These things can trigger excess burden or pressure on the stomach.
3. History of Disease
The state of health of each individual also affects the occurrence of heartburn. Several diseases such as hiatal hernia, diabetes and other autoimmune diseases (scleroderma, CREST syndrome and Raynaud’s phenomenon) are associated with heartburn.
4. Body Position
When lying down, the lower esophagus muscles will weaken. Especially after eating. This can trigger stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus more easily.
An unhealthy lifestyle has the potential to cause heartburn. Such as smoking, drinking drinks that contain alcohol, often consuming caffeine, and other things that trigger stomach acid to rise to the esophagus.
6. Certain Drugs
Several types of drugs have the potential to weaken the performance of the muscles below the esophagus. When Grameds is undergoing heart, asthma, blood pressure treatment, the risk of experiencing heartburn will be higher.
Foods and Drinks that Trigger Hearburn
Every food and drink that enters the body affects the health of the body. Launching from the Hallosehat.com page, here is a list of foods that can trigger heartburn.
1. Spicy Food
Spicy foods contain capsaicin which can slow down the digestive process and increase the risk of heartburn. Not only that, spicy food can also injure the esophagus. This can make chest pain worse.
2. Fatty Foods
Fat in food can weaken the lower esophageal muscles by stimulating the release of the hormone cholecystokinin (CCK). This has the potential to cause stomach acid to easily rise.
The notion that peppermint and spearmint can relieve digestive problems is a misconception. In fact, research has shown that consuming too much mint can injure the esophagus and worsen heartburn.
4. Food and Beverages Containing Citrus
In a study involving 400 heartburn sufferers, it was shown that 73% felt heartburn symptoms after drinking orange juice. However, there is no further explanation regarding the link between citrus and can cause heartburn.
5. Fizzy Drinks
Drinks or foods that contain soda can increase stomach acid levels and weaken the esophageal muscles.
Chocolate contains caffeine, serotonin, and theobromine which have the potential to cause the lower esophageal muscles to weaken.
Coffee contains high caffeine. This can trigger an increase in stomach acid and heartburn.
8. Bombay onions
The increase in stomach acid is not only caused by food or drinks that contain caffeine or soda. Onions can also increase stomach acid levels. This is due to the presence of fiber contained in onions.
Alcohol can trigger stomach acid to rise, especially wine and beer. Both types of drinks can increase stomach acid levels and injure the esophagus.
Hearburn Treatment and Prevention
When Grameds visits the doctor to check for heartburn , he will usually be advised to change his diet, certain diets, lifestyle, or be prescribed certain drugs. However, if you are not sure whether your hearburn is acute enough and injures other organs, several tests will usually be carried out.
Launching from the Hallosehat.com page, here are several types of tests carried out to see if there is damage to other organs.
1. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Gatrointestinal endoscopy is performed by inserting a small camera through the mouth. The goal is to see the state of the esophageal wall. This test will show the causes and complications of heartburn.
2. Esophageal manometry
An esophageal manometry test is performed to determine if the function of the esophagus is normal or not. This test will be done when the endoscope test does not show any complications. However, the patient still complained of pain.
X-ray images are used to see the esophagus and chest clearly.
4. Ambulatory Acid Probe
An ambulatory acid probe is performed to detect the time it takes for stomach acid to rise up to the esophagus.
Handling heartburn can use several types of drugs including the following.
- Antacids to neutralize stomach acid quickly.
- H2–receptor antagonists (H2RA) or H2 receptor antagonists can reduce the amount of stomach acid produced and relieve pain.
- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or proton pump inhibitors such as lansoprazole and omeprazole.
Grameds can prevent heartburn through a healthy lifestyle. Here are some tips for maintaining fitness and body health.
1. Maintain Weight
Controlling body weight so as not to be obese is one way to prevent heartburn. One of the ways is to run a diet that is safe and according to doctor’s recommendations.
2. Avoid Overeating
It’s better to eat small portions and often than to eat large portions once in a while.
3. Wear clothes that are not too tight
Shirts and pants that are too tight can put excess pressure on the stomach. This has the potential to cause stomach acid to rise and a burning feeling in the chest.
Exercise helps to control weight and maintain overall health.
5. Avoid Eating Before Bed
A stomach that is too full before going to bed can cause stomach acid to rise into the esophagus.
6. Changing the Meal Menu
Avoid fatty, spicy foods, soft drinks, coffee, chocolate, and so on.
7. Don’t lie down after eating
After eating do not lie down. At least wait until 3 hours after eating if you want to lie down. The digestive process will be disrupted if you lie down immediately after eating, let alone eat large portions.
8. Avoid Smoking and Alcoholic Beverages
Cigarettes and alcoholic beverages can trigger stomach acid to rise. Therefore, avoiding cigarettes and alcoholic beverages can suppress heartburn and maintain a healthy body.